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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Definition:
   Characterized by symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and/or impulsivity that are developmentally inappropriate and are not the result of other conditions
   Symptoms must have occurred before the age of seven and exist in two or more settings

Types:
   Inattentive
   Hyperactive-Impulsive
   Combined


Inattentive Type
Hyperactive-Impulsive Type


Characteristics
   daydreaming
   careless work
   inability to follow through
   organizational difficulties
   losing things
   distractibility
   hypoactivity
   lethargy
   forgetfulness
   fidgeting
   restlessness
   difficulty engaging in quiet activities
   excessive talking
   driven personality
   blurting out inappropriate comments
   tendency to interrupt or intrude
Trait:  Decision making Sluggish Impulsive
Trait:  Boundaries Honors boundaries, polite, obedient Intrusive, rebellious
Trait:  Assertion Underassertive, overly polite, docile Bossy, irritating
Trait:  Attention Seeking Modest, shy, socially withdrawn Shows off, egotistical, best at worst
Trait:  Popularity Bonds but doesn't attract Attracts new friends but doesn't bond
Trait:  Most common misdiagnosis Depression, energy focused in Oppositional defiant, conduct disorder



Possible Causes:
Biological factors - brain abnormalities
Mother's use of teratogens during pregnancy
Genetic factors
Environmental factors

Click here to read a short paper about the causes and diagnosis of ADHD